Please note that print inspection copies are only available in UK and Republic of Ireland. Nicolaslincy rated it it was amazing Jul 19, This maeterlihck is not yet featured on Listopia. Les Aveugles by Maurice Maeterlinck. Naar mijn mening is dit een van de allereerste moderne toneelstukken en het is pijnlijk, zo goed is het, het doet pijn.
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Early life[ edit ] Maeterlinck was born in Ghent , Belgium , to a wealthy, French-speaking family. In September he was sent to the Jesuit College of Sainte-Barbe , where works of the French Romantics were scorned and only plays on religious subjects were permitted. His experiences at this school influenced his distaste for the Catholic Church and organized religion. After finishing his law studies at the University of Ghent in , he spent a few months in Paris, France.
Career[ edit ] Maeterlinck early in his career Maeterlinck instantly became a public figure when his first play, Princess Maleine , received enthusiastic praise from Octave Mirbeau , the literary critic of Le Figaro in August He had a relationship with the singer and actress Georgette Leblanc from until Leblanc influenced his work for the following two decades.
Leblanc performed these female characters on stage. Even though mysticism and metaphysics influenced his work throughout his career, he slowly replaced his Symbolism with a more existential style. The Catholic Church was unwilling to grant her a divorce from her Spanish husband. They spent their summers in Normandy. In , Maeterlinck and Leblanc moved to a villa in Grasse. He spent his hours meditating and walking. As he emotionally pulled away from Leblanc, he entered a state of depression.
Diagnosed with neurasthenia , he rented the Benedictine Abbey of St. Wandrille in Normandy to help him relax. By renting the abbey he rescued it from the desecration of being sold and used as a chemical factory and thus he received a blessing from the Pope. At this time he conceived his greatest contemporary success: the fairy play The Blue Bird , but largely written in Although he recovered from this after a year or two, he was never so inventive as a writer again. His later plays, such as Marie-Victoire and Mary Magdalene , provided with lead roles for Leblanc,  were notably inferior to their predecessors, and sometimes merely repeat an earlier formula.
Even though alfresco performances of some of his plays at St. Wandrille had been successful, Maeterlinck felt that he was losing his privacy. The death of his mother on 11 June added to his depression. She became his lighthearted companion. After having been nominated by Carl Bildt , member of the Swedish Academy , he won the Nobel Prize for Literature in , which also served to lighten his spirits. When Germany invaded Belgium in , Maeterlink wished to join the French Foreign Legion , but his application was denied due to his age.
He and Leblanc decided to leave Grasse for a villa near Nice , where he spent the next decade of his life. He gave speeches on the bravery of the Belgian people and placed guilt upon all Germans for the war.
Although his patriotism, and his indifference to the harm he was doing to his standing in Germany, do him credit, it severely damaged his reputation as a great sage who stood above current affairs.
He also wrote The Betrothal, a sequel to The Blue Bird, in which the heroine of the play is clearly not a Leblanc archetype. He accepted an invitation to the United States. Samuel Goldwyn asked him to produce a few scenarios for film. Maeterlinck had prepared one based on his The Life of the Bee. After reading the first few pages Goldwyn burst out of his office, exclaiming: "My God! The hero is a bee! The international demand for these fell off sharply after the early s, but his sales in France remained substantial until the late s.
Dahon gave birth to a stillborn child in Marais wrote in a letter to Dr. Winifred de Kock in London about Maeterlinck that The famous author had paid me the left-handed compliment of cribbing the most important part of my work He clearly desired his readers to infer that he had arrived at certain of my theories the result of ten years of hard labour in the veld by his own unaided reason, although he admits that he never saw a termite in his life.
You must understand that it was not merely plagiarism of the spirit of a thing, so to speak. He has copied page after page verbally. This was to prove financially impossible and the case was not pursued.
However, Marais gained a measure of renown as the aggrieved party and as an Afrikaner researcher who had opened himself up to plagiarism because he published in Afrikaans out of nationalistic loyalty. Marais brooded at the time of the scandal: "I wonder whether Maeterlinck blushes when he reads such things [critical acclaim], and whether he gives a thought to the injustice he does to the unknown Boer worker?
In some chapters there is not a sentence but would have clamoured for these; and the letterpress would have been swallowed up by vast masses of comment, like one of those dreadful books we hated so much at school.
There is a short bibliography at the end of the volume which will no doubt serve the same purpose. Professor V. He had fled to Lisbon in order to escape the Nazi invasion of both Belgium and France. The Times quoted him as saying, "I knew that if I was captured by the Germans I would be shot at once, since I have always been counted as an enemy of Germany because of my play, The Mayor of Stilmonde, which dealt with the conditions in Belgium during the German Occupation of He died in Nice on 6 May after suffering a heart attack.
However, he neglected fulfilling the necessary paper work for registration and the creation was not implemented. The characters have no foresight, and only a limited understanding of themselves or the world around them.
Maeterlinck, an avid reader of Arthur Schopenhauer , considered man powerless against the forces of fate. He believed that any actor, due to the hindrance of physical mannerisms and expressions, would inadequately portray the symbolic figures of his plays. He concluded that marionettes were an excellent alternative. Poems die when living people get into them. The actors were to speak and move as if pushed and pulled by an external force, fate as puppeteer.
They were not to allow the stress of their inner emotions to compel their movements. Maeterlinck would often continue to refer to his cast of characters as "marionettes. But is it not perhaps an ancient error to imagine that it is at the moments when this passion, or others of equal violence, possesses us, that we live our truest lives?
Thousands and thousands of laws there are, mightier and more venerable than those of passion; but these laws are silent, and discreet, and slow-moving; and hence it is only in the twilight that they can be seen and heard, in the meditation that comes to us at the tranquil moments of life.
Bibliothèque numérique romande
Les aveugles, commentaire composé maeterlinck