EURIPIDES MEDEA HIPPOLYTUS HERACLES BACCHAE PDF

First Episode The famous seer Teiresias arrives at the royal palace and calls for his old friend Cadmus to come and meet him. From the subsequent discussion between the two, we learn that they are old friends and that they have already agreed upon to don fawn-skins, crown their heads with ivy branches and join the Theban women on Mount Cithaeron in celebrating Dionysus. He admonishes them for their baseness and primitiveness, describing the Bacchic rites as an excuse for licentiousness and depravity. Second Episode A servant enters, leading the chained and disguised Dionysus into the palace courtyard.

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It is Aphrodite , the goddess of love and passion, that sets the scene in this case. We learn from her opening speech that, after having murdered Cecrops , Theseus has left Athens with his wife Phaedra and is now serving a year of exile to cleanse himself from the deed in the small coastal town of Troezen.

And it is on this very day that she intends to add the last touches on her infernal plan. Hippolytus and his followers burst into a hymn praising Artemis who, as is well known, along with being a chaste goddess, is also the goddess of the hunt. Everybody leaves afterward: Hippolytus into his royal chamber, and his servants into the kitchen to prepare a meal. Parodos Entrance Song As soon as Hippolytus and his servants leave, twelve Troezenian women enter the stage, and in the entrance song of the main chorus, express their worries over the health of the queen.

First Episode Preceded by her aged nurse and followed by a few servants, Phaedra comes outside of the palace, as pale and as lifeless as a ghost. Both the nurse and the Chorus are horrified to hear this, but Phaedra calms them down: she tells them that she has done nothing so far, nor she plans to, preferring to die rather than spoil her good name. Horror-struck and disturbed beyond words, Hippolytus asks Zeus why has he created women at all, before bursting into a tirade against the good-for-nothing female sex.

Hippolytus goes so far to even say that Zeus should have found another way for men to procreate, because women are either fools who sit at the house and bring only trouble to their husbands or mischievous cheats when they are smart enough to hide their deeds.

This, however, is not enough for Phaedra , who, after happening upon the nurse, condemns her for her betrayal and dismisses her from her duties. Phaedra leaves once again, this time resolved to end her life for good. They tell him, but say nothing of the reason. While mourning her death, he notices a tablet hanging from her hand.

Not wanting to leave anything to chance, Theseus also orders the exile of Hippolytus. And he presents quite the case. First of all, he says, he is a virgin. Thirdly, he was also never one to crave for fame and royal luxuries, always preferring to be a humble hunter and live out of the spotlight. Finally and most importantly, he has sworn to Artemis to always remain pure and chaste and would never break that promise.

The messenger leaves, and, just then, without warning, Artemis flies down from the heavens. She tells Theseus the truth and blames him for killing a pious man—even if in ignorance. Artemis advises Hippolytus to forgive his father and, in a touching father-son scene, the dying young man acquits his father of his murder, wishing him plenty of joy and happiness.

VYAKARANAM PDF

Hippolytus by Euripides

It is Aphrodite , the goddess of love and passion, that sets the scene in this case. We learn from her opening speech that, after having murdered Cecrops , Theseus has left Athens with his wife Phaedra and is now serving a year of exile to cleanse himself from the deed in the small coastal town of Troezen. And it is on this very day that she intends to add the last touches on her infernal plan. Hippolytus and his followers burst into a hymn praising Artemis who, as is well known, along with being a chaste goddess, is also the goddess of the hunt. Everybody leaves afterward: Hippolytus into his royal chamber, and his servants into the kitchen to prepare a meal. Parodos Entrance Song As soon as Hippolytus and his servants leave, twelve Troezenian women enter the stage, and in the entrance song of the main chorus, express their worries over the health of the queen.

JUNIOR VIKATAN JULY 2012 PDF

Four Plays: Medea / Hippolytus / Heracles / Bacchae

Synopsis[ edit ] The play is set in Troezen , a coastal town in the north-eastern Peloponnese. Hippolytus has been trained since childhood by the king of Troezen, Pittheus. At the opening of the play Aphrodite , Goddess of love, explains that Hippolytus has sworn chastity and refuses to revere her. Instead, he honours the Goddess of the hunt, Artemis. This has led her to initiate a plan of vengeance on Hippolytus. Hippolytus appears with his followers and shows reverence to a statue of Artemis, a chaste goddess.

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