Of the orchestral songs, the list shows seventeen groups; six are included here. Comprising early orchestral songs, orchestrations of other works by famous composers and late large-scale symphonic poems, this box set is best described as an overview. It is hard to understand the absence of the remaining works in the cycle the symphonic poem La Loi de la jungle, op. Koechlin would not alter his style of composing or change his high artistic principles for any purpose, such as to obtain commissions, and certainly not for reasons of short-term mass-market appeal. The popularity and the novelty value of a score held no interest for Koechlin. He was principally concerned with the enduring quality of his music.
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Life[ edit ] Charles Koechlin Koechlin was born in Paris, and was the youngest child of a large family. His father died when he was Despite an early interest in music, his family wanted him to become an engineer. After a struggle with his family and private lessons with Charles Lefebvre he entered the Paris Conservatoire in studying first with Antoine Taudou for harmony. After his graduation Koechlin became a freelance composer and teacher. He married Suzanne Pierrard in They had five children.
Beginning in he regularly corresponded with Catherine Murphy Urner , a former student of his who lived in California.
From its inception in the early s to his death he was a passionate supporter of the International Society for Contemporary Music , eventually becoming President of its French section. Partly because of his constant advocacy of younger composers and new styles, he was never successful in his attempts to gain a permanent teaching position for himself, though he was an examiner for many institutions e. His application to be professor of counterpoint and fugue at the Paris Conservatoire in was rejected 20 votes to 2 the two being Albert Roussel and Maurice Emmanuel , but from to he was allowed to teach fugue and modal polyphony at the Schola Cantorum.
He visited the US four times to lecture and teach in , , and On the second and third visits he taught at the University of California, Berkeley , through arrangements made by Catherine Murphy Urner, who afterward lived with him until Even so, Koechlin had to pay for the preparation of orchestral parts, and in the s he sank most of his savings into organizing performances of some of his orchestral works.
In the s, however, the music department of Belgian Radio took up his cause and broadcast several premieres of important scores including the first complete performance of the Jungle Book cycle.
He died aged 83 at his country home at Le Canadel , Var , and his body is buried there. Style and compositions[ edit ] Koechlin was enormously prolific, as the worklist below by no means exhaustive suggests.
He was highly eclectic in inspiration nature, the mysterious orient, French folksong, Bachian chorale, Hellenistic culture, astronomy , Hollywood movies, etc. At the start of his career he concentrated on songs with orchestral accompaniment, few of which were performed as intended during his lifetime.
Thereafter he concentrated on symphonic poems , chamber and instrumental works. After World War I his continuing devotion to the symphonic poem and the large orchestra at a period when neoclassicism and small ensembles were more fashionable may have discouraged performance and acceptance of his works. His compositions include the four symphonic poems and three orchestral songs making up Livre de la jungle after Rudyard Kipling ; many other symphonic poems including Le Buisson Ardent after Romain Rolland this is a diptych of two orchestral poems, performable separately and Le Docteur Fabricius after a novel by his uncle Charles Dollfus ; three string quartets ; five symphonies including a Seven Stars Symphony inspired by Hollywood ; sonatas for flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, violin, viola and cello, and much other chamber music; many songs, over two hundred opus numbers in all; and a vast number of monodies , fugal studies, chorale harmonizations and other educational pieces.
Many works remain unpublished, however. He wrote in several styles, sometimes severe Baroque counterpoint, as in the fugue that opens his Second Symphony sometimes "impressionistically" as in the tone poem Au Loin, or, as in the Symphony No.
He could go from extreme simplicity to extreme complexity of texture and harmony from work to work, or within the same work. Some of his most characteristic effects come from a very static treatment of harmony, savouring the effect of, for instance, a stacked-up series of fifths through the whole gamut of the instruments.
His melodies are often long, asymmetrical and wide-ranging in tessitura. He was closely interested in the works of Schoenberg , some of which he quoted from memory in his treatise on Orchestration. He was interested in using unusual instruments, notably the saxophone and the early electronic instrument the Ondes Martenot.
One movement of the Second Symphony requires four of them and has not usually been included in the few performances of the work, for that reason. He also wrote several pieces for the hunting-horn, an instrument he himself played.
Koechlin orchestrated several pieces by other composers. Cole Porter studied orchestration with him in — Darius Milhaud , though never a pupil, became a close friend and considered he learned more from Koechlin than any other pedagogue. Koechlin wrote three compendious textbooks: one on Harmony 3 vols, —26 , one on Music Theory —34 and a huge treatise on the subject of orchestration 4 vols, —43 which is a classic treatment of the subject.
Koechlin completed this in Character[ edit ] Despite his lack of worldly success, Koechlin was apparently a loved and venerated figure in French music, with his long flowing beard contributing to his patriarchal image.
Following his illness, the need to build up his strength led him to become an enthusiastic mountaineer, swimmer and tennis player. He was also an amateur astronomer and an accomplished photographer. He was one of the great nature-mystics among French composers, whose personal creed was pantheistic rather than Christian. Selected list of works[ edit ].
CHARLES KOECHLIN ORCHESTRATION PDF
Vudojar You cannot vote in polls in this forum. This is an enormously practical book, unfortunately, you need to translate it thank you Google to get what it says. It is long out of print and harder to find than McKay. Also, Koechlin wrote a complete harmony series quite killercounterpoint and even ear training.
Charles Kœchlin - Traité de l'orchestration Vol. III 1954.pdf